28.1 Real conditional
Conditional sentences consist of two clauses, a
condition, and the result of that condition. If the result is
certain, given the condition, then the sentence is formed thus; the
first clause begins with калі and states the condition. The
second clause can optionally begin with the word дык, and then states
|Калі ён здаровы, дык ён можа працаваць.
he is healthy, then he can work.
|Калі ён ведаў, ён не ішоў.
he knew, then he did not go.
28.2 Hypothetical conditional
If the result is uncertain, then the particle бы (б
when preceded by a vowel) must be inserted into the result clause and
any indicative verb must be changed to the past tense. If there
is speculation involved, then the condition clause can also have бы
added to it and the verb changed to the past tense.
|Калі ён здаровы, ён мог бы працаваць.
he is healthy, he might be able to work.
|Калі б ён быў здаровы, то мог бы працаваць.
he were healthy, then he might be able to work.
|Калі ён ведаў, ён не пайшоў бы.
he knew, he might not have gone.
|Калі б ён ведаў, то не пайшоў бы.
he had not known, he might not have gone.
Copyright (c) 2004 Christian Cardell Marchant.
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