Present and Future Tenses
Belarusian verbal aspect is similar to Russian and
Ukrainian. Consult a text on one of these languages for more
information on verbal aspect.
16.1 Present tense
Belarusian has one present tense and two future
tenses, the future perfect and the future imperfect. The present
tense is formed by conjugating the infinitive of the imperfect aspect
of a verb for the correct person.
|Я тут жыву.
|I live here.
|Я жыву цяпер у сяброў.
|I am living
with friends right now.
|Я жыву з імі месяц.
|I have lived
with them for a month.
The verb быць, to
be, has no present tense
conjugation. The verb to be
is often rendered in the present
tense as a pause, represented as a dash when written. It is
dropped completely in third person impersonal constructions. Some
of the functions of the verb to be
can also be filled by other verbs, such as бывать, to occur, and стаць, to become.
|Я ó амерыканец. а ты ó беларус.
|I am an
American, and you are a Belarusian.
|Хлопчык ó вельмі галодны.
man is very hungry.
|Цяжка вывучыць новую мову.
difficult to learn a new language.
The word ёсць is also used to fulfill some of the
functions of the verb to be.
It is used either to emphasis the existence of the subject, or as a
predicate meaning there is.
The word ёсць is etymologically descended from the obsolete present
tense conjugation of the Common Slavonic verb byti, to be.
|Ён з'явіўся такім, якім ён і ёсць па сваёй натуры.
appeared as that person, whom he is by his nature.
|Ёсць які-небудзь стары, што да вайны тут жыў?
there anyone old that lived here before the war?
16.2 Future imperfect
The future imperfect tense is formed by conjugating
the verb быць for the correct person, and following that with the
infinitive of a verbís imperfective aspect.
|Што будзеш рабіць?
will you be doing?
|Я буду многа чытаць.
will be reading a lot.
16.3 Future perfect formation
The future perfect tense is formed by conjugating
the infinitive of a verbís perfective aspect for the correct person.
will you do?
|Я скончу гэту кнігу.
will finish this book.
Copyright (c) 2004 Christian Cardell Marchant.
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